A taxpayer can stay away from the tax on lengthy-term capital gains by donating the house to a recognized charity. If the sale of the house would outcome in a lengthy-term capital acquire, but the taxpayer donates the house to charity, the taxpayer avoids the tax on the lengthy-term capital acquire and also receives a charitable contribution deduction equal to the fair industry worth of the house at the time of the donation.

A lengthy-term capital acquire happens when the taxpayer sells or exchanges a capital asset that the taxpayer has held for a lot more than 1 year for an quantity that exceeds the asset's adjusted basis (ordinarily expense). Most lengthy-term capital gains are taxed at a maximum price of 15 %. This price is substantially reduce than the maximum 35-% price that applies to ordinary revenue.

On the other hand, a taxpayer can stay away from even the 15-% tax price on a lengthy-term capital acquire by contributing the house to a recognized charity. In such a case, the taxpayer does not have to recognize the acquire. In addition, the taxpayer may possibly deduct the fair industry worth of the house as a charitable contribution.

For instance, assume that a taxpayer purchased land for investment two years ago at a expense of $six,000. The land is now worth $16,000. The taxpayer donates the land to a recognized charity. The taxpayer does not have to recognize the $10,000 ($16,000 – $six,000) lengthy-term capital acquire. In addition, the taxpayer may possibly deduct $16,000 as a charitable contribution.

The deduction for charitable contributions of an person is normally restricted to 50 % of the taxpayer's adjusted gross revenue (AGI). On the other hand, for contributions of lengthy-term capital acquire house, the limit is 30 % of the taxpayer's AGI unless the taxpayer elects to deduct only the adjusted basis of the house rather than its fair industry worth.

The taxpayer may possibly carry more than any charitable contributions that exceed the annual limit to the subsequent 5 tax years. The existing year's contributions are deducted just before any contributions carried more than from a prior year.

If the house is tangible private house, such as a operate of art the taxpayer had bought, the charitable contribution deduction is restricted to the taxpayer's adjusted basis in the house. The taxpayer may possibly not deduct the fair industry worth of such house if it exceeds the property's adjusted basis. In addition, the deduction for contributions of house to private nonoperating foundations is restricted to the adjusted basis of the house.

If the house is ordinary revenue house or house the sale of which would outcome in a quick-term capital acquire, the deduction is also restricted to the adjusted basis in the house. On the other hand, the taxpayer would not have to recognize the appreciation as a acquire.

Taxpayers should really not donate house to charity on which they would understand a loss if they sold the house. The deduction for the charitable contribution would be restricted to the fair industry worth of the house, and the taxpayer would not recognize the loss. The taxpayer would realize a a lot more favorable tax outcome by promoting the house to understand the loss and contributing the money proceeds to the charity. Of course, losses on the sale of private use assets such as clothes are not recognized.

When the deduction of net capital losses of an person or married couple is restricted to $three,000 a year, the taxpayer may possibly carry more than any unused net capital losses to future tax years indefinitely.

The capability to contribute lengthy-term capital acquire house to a charity to stay away from the tax on the lengthy-term capital acquire whilst deducting the fair industry worth of the house as a charitable contribution is a good tax arranging approach. Taxpayers who want to contribute to charity should really seriously take into account employing this approach.

On the other hand, the tax law has several exceptions and limitations. Consequently, a taxpayer should really seek advice from a competent tax skilled just before donating any important amounts of house to a charity.